PHP vs ASP.net: Which is better?
This is the eternal question that everyone will respond, but to which all cannot give an answer.
On the internet there are hundreds of articles and threads of forums that discuss what the best language to create Web applications is. Unfortunately, the views expressed are almost always of a promotional nature and dated, that analyze the state of affairs as it was several years ago and do not take into account the evolution of the various programming languages.
In this article we want to explain why we think ASP.NET is not the best language to use for the development of a new Web software and to do so, below, we will compare the ASP.NET features in the PHP language that we think is the choice best. We will try to analyze the two languages and the two worlds from an objective point of view so that the reader can choose the technology that its purpose is more suitable.
ASP.Net depends on Microsoft Windows, but this analysis does not go into debates Windows against Linux. We will assume that we have a Windows machine and therefore fully compatible with both languages.
As you know, PHP is a server side development language that was initially created for Linux using an Apache server. Currently PHP has evolved and is compatible with any operating system and any web server that accepts fairly standard.
Looking at the word “compatible” we have an advantage of PHP. It is a very portable language. In a practical example, if a person wants to move a PHP server platform to another, he could take out virtually without problems. And with ASP? Let’s find out.
The third advantage is that it is an open source. What does this mean? It is a constantly evolving language, leading to a very important aspect, namely the error correction because its “patches” are available for free.
Moving away a little from the technical point of view, there is another possible advantage. Due to the number of users using the language, we have thousands of resources and libraries created by users that we can operate with our website without any problems. For example, a utility we often use is the generation of PDF from PHP. Another that comes to mind is the conversion of text to images, for example.
PHP has a lot of resources for its large number of followers.
Microsoft introduced ASP with Windows NT Server 4 aimed at developing dynamic web, running on an IIS Web server. Because it uses VBScript, which in turn is a variation of Visual Basic language, ASP was immediately accessible to developers familiar with programming in Visual Studio.
The fact that you can write modules for ASP using Visual Basic and COM may seem like a really attractive solution if it were not for the fact that ASP is only really compatible with IIS. On other platforms there are many features of ASP that are really slow.
As compared to PHP, ASP has the first advantage for ease of learning in terms of syntax. As we explained earlier, Microsoft is the absolute creator of language and responsible for its evolution, which is rather limited.
Now here comes another comparison with PHP, and is the subject of numerous additional libraries created by users. Here many of you have shouted to the four winds: And what about the .DLL? True, you can import third-party COM objects as .DLL, but this involves interaction with the desktop to configure new services: a feature that is not always available for Web developers. On the contrary, ASP can help you installing third-party applications.
Many companies choose ASP.Net for the simple fact of being supported by a large corporation. It seems that the name Microsoft is imposed on errors, intrusions and vulnerabilities. You may think that if this does not frame advantage, why mark advantage in the ease of portability PHP? From our point of view, you just have to get in the example of the user who wants to change server. Imagine that if you change Windows Server 2003 to Windows Server 2008. We think the change would be costly but would end sooner if you have your PHP platform.
Comparing the advantages of one and the other, it is the subject of open source. Obviously, ASP is closed. There would be no problem (well, the price) if Microsoft had offered maintenance of language in order to correct deficiencies, but what most experts agree that Microsoft has little left on the topic of ASP.NET.
Of course, when talking about the comparison between these two languages, it always ignites the debate. There are many pros and cons of both languages, but here we will talk mostly about the realities and try to dispel myths.
PHP is the language mostly used for web and therefore the most learned. While up the trend towards web applications and work in the cloud, it is likely to increase the use of PHP. On the other hand, this kind of language is rarely used in larger developments such as an ERP. Another limitation is that there is no development for desktop or mobile, so you will be limited to develop websites.
ASP.Net allow you to do either desktop, web or mobile which opens many doors in the labor market. Since then, there is a strong criticism that the license for ASP.Net is expensive, but this is not entirely true. It can be programmed using ASP.Net Open Source tools like “Sharpdevelop” which you can download at no cost in this direction. Of course, the Mono Project to run ASP.Net developments is another issue that infuriates Open Source lovers.
Another issue that is generally raised in discussions is the speed or performance of both languages. In particular, we are convinced that primarily we should talk about the design of a database and query before thinking that is the language that is failing. In many situations in which we have faced the slowness problem, most of the time it was solved by improving the performances of the database and not the page code.
If you search online, you will see many debates in forums on this issue, especially on the speed of both, even set to “shout” PHP is faster but it is rare that someone puts a link or evidence that can confirm it.
The development in PHP is fine, a large number of amazing apps and websites are written in this language. The preference for development is most important. Use PHP if you feel more comfortable using it. Remember that as a developer, environmental adaptability makes us better software programmers.